Resilience Issues
Water, Domestic Use, Drinking Water Environmental Policy Eco-system management Flood management

Resilience Discovery Areas
Water needs of Surat are being managed by SMC. Tapi, the perineal river, is a major
source of water supply. Network of piped water supply was started in 1898 in Surat.
The city has been investing on water supply system over decades and now has a wellmanaged
water supply system. In 2009, the average water supply was 700 million liters
per day (MLD), which included water demand from domestic, industrial, commercial, and
institutional consumers.
In view of the rising population over the next two decades, to meet the water needs of Surat
city, SMC has envisaged various water supply infrastructure projects. Currently, water
supply is intermittent, with an average duration of 3 hours per day. About 95 percent of
the complaints related to water supply are being redressed. Cost recovery and collection
efficiency are 92 and 94 percent respectively.
Currently, River Tapi supplies water to the entire city. The quality of the river water is getting
deteriorated. Causes contributing to pollution of the river water are outside the limit and
control of SMC. Hence, options for finding alternate sources of water—like getting water
from Kakrapar weir by pipeline—are to be worked out, considering technological and
economic feasibility. In such eventuality, both quality and quantity issues will be a big
challenge for Surat City.

Emerging Issues
• High dependency on Ukai dam
• No alternative source of water
• River Tapi catchment management
• Coastal environment and salinity issues
• Climate change and varying rainfall

Gateway for Phase II
How can we engage people in creating traffic awareness?
Is there a provision for recruitment of additional staff in the traffic department of SMC
and Police?
How can we promote use of public transport?
Can we regulate the use of private vehicles?
How can the number of rickshaws be regulated?
Is there a need for better ICT for traffic management?